A bankruptcy may be listed on your credit report for up to 10 years and there is a good chance your credit score will be rather low until you take the necessary steps to rebuild your credit.
For an overview and explanation of your credit standing after bankruptcy, check out the Credit Report Card. You'll also get a free look at your credit scores.
Rebuilding your credit after bankruptcy takes patience, persistence and a steady stream of monthly on-time payments.
A low-limit credit card is a great way to start. But because of the bankruptcy on your credit file, you'll need to think small when applying for credit cards. After bankruptcy, you may not qualify for a run-of-the-mill consumer credit card. But you do have other post-bankruptcy credit card options.
A secured card is a good way to go if you're coming out of a bankruptcy.
With a secured card, you make a deposit into a savings account and this deposit then secures a line of credit. The credit limit on a secured card is generally the amount of the deposit, minus any fees.
So if you make a $300 deposit on a secured card with an annual fee of $29, your credit limit would be $271. To make a secured card helpful for your credit, make small purchases and pay the account on time each and every month. Keep balances low. Using 10%-15% of your credit line each month is ideal.
Make sure to choose a secured card that reports to all three major credit bureaus. You want to be sure all of your on-time payments get reported on all three of your credit reports to maximize your credit rebuilding efforts.
Retail cards and department store cards have more lenient credit requirements and you may be able to qualify for one after bankruptcy, once you have a several months of payments with a secured card under your belt.
Because of the higher credit card interest rates associated with these cards, it's important that you pay the account in full each month. A couple of small charges a month and the accompanying on-time payments are all you need to reboot your credit and build a positive payment history.
Your payment history accounts for 35% of your credit score, so making small, steady on-time payments is the best way to rebuild your credit after bankruptcy.