In both the US and the European Union (EU), you can use credit cards at participating merchants and vendors. However, while both EU credit cards and US credit cards operate in similar ways, their rates and fees vary depending on how you use the card and where.
Rates and fees for EU and US credit cards apply in both the US and in Europe. The EU is composed of several different countries, while the US is a single nation and the same rates apply to customers in all 50 states. While you’re generally likely to pay more in the US, in the EU, you’ll encounter higher fees in some European countries than you will in others.
Austria, for example, has a higher interchange fee than Bulgaria or Belgium, while both Croatia and the Czech Republic are higher than Austria. An interchange fee is typically a fee that a merchant’s bank must pay to your bank when a transaction occurs.
The same rule applies to credit card brands in both the US and the EU. Mastercard has higher interchange fees than Visa, for instance. If you use a Mastercard, you’ll pay higher interchange fees regardless of the region you’re visiting than you do if you were using a Visa card, though they’re generally higher in the US.
Also, interchange fees vary by country when you’re traveling throughout Europe. Countries, such as Poland and Croatia, for example, boast higher interchange fees with Mastercard than France or Spain.
Foreign Transaction Fees on Credit Card Purchases
A foreign credit card transaction fee is a small fee that gets tacked on to the final total of your purchase. In most cases, foreign transaction fees are approximately 3% of transactions. Here’s an example—let’s say you make a purchase that cost $100. With the foreign transaction fee, you pay a total of $103.
These fees are associated with all kinds of purchases, including airplane tickets, hotel reservations and ATM withdrawals. It’s important to read the fine print in your credit card’s cardholder agreement, so you’re fully aware of how and when these fees can occur.
However, there are several cards out there that have no foreign transaction fees. If you travel a lot, you’ll want to consider one of these cards for yourself.
A Chip and PIN for International Sales and Travel
A system is now being integrated into international credit cards called EMV. The international system involves getting rid of the standard, magnetic strips often associated with many day-to-day credit cards and replacing them with international chips and/or PINs for added safety.
EMV removes any need for a signature, making you less susceptible to card present fraud. In an age of ongoing identity theft, many merchants are taking a stand and refusing to accept traditional magnetic strip credit cards.
What Are Some of the Best Credit Cards for Use in EU and the US?
Capital One Venture Rewards Card
Another card to think about is the Capital One Venture Rewards Card. It also presents solid introductory rates for you, along with travel rewards points, but be prepared to pay an annual fee.
Capital One Venture One Rewards Credit Card
If you like Capital One but prefer to avoid paying an annual fee every 12 months, take a look at the Capital One Venture One Rewards Credit Card. It comes with everything that a Capital One credit card offers, but you won’t have to pay an annual fee.
Chase Sapphire Preferred Credit Card
Chase Sapphire Preferred® Card
- Earn 60,000 bonus points after you spend $4,000 on purchases in the first 3 months from account opening. That's $750 toward travel when you redeem through Chase Ultimate Rewards®
- 2X points on travel and dining at restaurants worldwide, eligible delivery services, takeout and dining out & 1 point per dollar spent on all other purchases.
- Get 25% more value when you redeem for travel through Chase Ultimate Rewards®. For example, 60,000 points are worth $750 toward travel.
- Get unlimited deliveries with a $0 delivery fee and reduced service fees on orders over $12 for a minimum of one year on qualifying food purchases with DashPass, DoorDash's subscription service. Activate by 12/31/21.
- Earn 2x total points on up to $1,000 in grocery store purchases per month from November 1, 2020 to April 30, 2021. Includes eligible pick-up and delivery services.
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The Chase Sapphire Preferred Credit Card is also a good option. It offers you balance transfers that are similar with those of the Capital One Venture One Rewards Credit Card but won’t give you as many rewards.
Cards Without Foreign Transaction Fees
In addition, you’re also likely to come across certain cards that don’t charge foreign transaction fees and boast chip and PIN technology. Some of these cards include:
Know Before You Go
Even if you have an international credit card, it may not be accepted everywhere you shop.
You may find yourself at a few EU merchants, for example, that don’t accept a MasterCard branded credit card.
Know Before You Apply
You want to check your credit score and before applying for a credit card. Even if you have low credit or no score at all, there are still options available to you, but you won’t know which card you’re likely to get approved for unless you know your score. Take the time to check it before making any decisions.
You can get your free Experian Vantage Score for free only on Credit.com or directly from Experian.
When you get your score on Credit.com, your score is updated every two weeks, so you can keep an eye on any changes in your credit. You also get free access to your credit report card. It summarizes the five key factors that go into your credit score—payment history, credit utilization, credit age, account mix and credit inquiries—and includes actions you can take to improve or maintain each factor as well as your overall score.
Do Your Research Before Leaving for Europe
Using a credit card when traveling in Europe makes paying for goods and services easier, but it’s important to have the right knowledge. If you’re planning a trip to Europe, research international credit cards to see which ones will work best for you.
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