Many people use the terms ATM card and debit card interchangeably, but these aren’t actually the same thing. To understand whether an ATM card is also a debit card, you have to know a bit about the history of these cards and what they’re used for.
We’ve got the details on ATM cards vs. debit cards below. Find out the difference and get answers to some common debit and ATM questions.
What Is the Difference Between ATM and Debit Cards?
ATM and debit cards look quite similar. They resemble credit cards and typically have bars you can swipe. They may also have secure chips. However, they aren’t the same and don’t serve the same purpose.
If the question is which came first, the ATM or debit card, the answer is ATM card. According to a report from the World Economic Forum, the patent for an early cash dispenser was filed back in 1960. ATMs became operational later that decade, along with automated teller machine cards—ATM cards. The first official debit card didn’t debut until 1972. It was called the ATM account debit card from City National Bank of Cleveland.
ATM cards were originally designed to do one thing. Instead of going to the bank to get money, you could take cash out of your checking account via a machine. These machines were connected by regional networks. While the cards were issued by banks, they could be used to withdraw money anywhere there was a machine for a potential fee.
As such, ATM cards are cards that are only used to interact at ATMs. Debit cards, on the other hand, have a wider function.
In the past, ATM networks began looking for new revenue streams. They started creating relationships with retailers and eventually joined forces with the credit card networks to create what we now know as debit cards. Debit cards can be used like credit cards at checkouts in person and online.
Most banks also issue debit cards that can act as ATM cards. However, an ATM-only card can’t act as a debit card. Debit cards have Mastercard or Visa logos on them, indicating which network they run on. ATM cards don’t have these logos.
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Pros and Cons of an ATM Card
Some banks will still issue an ATM-only card if an account holder asks for one. These cards can only be used at automatic teller machines.
Pros of ATM cards include:
- You can get cash at any machine, creating flexibility for money management.
- You can’t swipe the card to pay for goods and services, which can help reduce impulse purchases.
- They may be a good tool to go along with a cash envelope budget system.
The main disadvantage of an ATM card is its limitation. You can’t use it to pay for goods and services. If you don’t have another payment method in your wallet, this can lead to you having to find an ATM and get cash anytime you want to purchase something.
Pros and Cons of a Debit Card
Most checking accounts come with the option for a debit card, and some banks issue one automatically. You can also get prepaid debit cards.
Pros of debit cards include:
- Flexibility, as you can use your card at ATMs and pay for goods and services with it anywhere Visa or Mastercard is accepted
- You may be able to swipe your debit card as a credit card for added protection
- Options for managing your budget, as you can set limits on your debit card or get a prepaid debit card that limits how much you can spend
- They’re a common and recognized financial tool that won’t raise eyebrows when you use them
The biggest con of a debit card is that it’s tied to your bank account. This can lead to impulse spending that brings your account balance low, even if you didn’t budget for the spending. You may also find your debit card is limited by daily or individual purchase amounts.
Can you use ATM cards at all ATMs?
Yes, you can generally use an ATM card at any automatic teller machine. This means you don’t have to look for an ATM that’s associated with your financial institution.
Are there fees for using different ATM cards at different brand ATMs?
Yes, there are fees for using ATM cards that aren’t associated with your financial institution or bank. Your bank might charge a fee for this activity, and you may also pay a fee to the ATM company.
What happens when an ATM transaction fails?
ATM transactions can fail for a few reasons. When they do, the machine notifies you of the failure and the reason. Some common reasons include:
- You don’t have enough money in your account to cover the withdrawal.
- The machine experienced a malfunction and couldn’t complete the process.
- You entered an incorrect PIN.
- Your card couldn’t be read by the ATM reader.
In cases where a technical malfunction or incorrect PIN entry caused the transaction to fail, you may be able to try again.
Are there any limits to how much can be withdrawn with debit and ATM cards?
Yes, banks set limitations on how much can be withdrawn with debit and ATM cards. There may be a limitation on how much you can withdraw in a single transaction. Daily limitations also usually exist. For example, your bank may only allow you to withdraw $300 at a time or $1,000 in a single day. No standards exist for these limitations—each financial institution decides for itself.
Which Is Right for You?
Ultimately, you have to decide whether an ATM or debit card is right for you. Take into account your own budget and the way you spend money. You should also consider what financial habits you need support for and which type of card would help.
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