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The holiday season is just getting underway, a time dedicated to finding the perfect gift for loved ones and a steady procession of festive events that ends when we ring in the New Year. Unfortunately, it’s also a busy time for people dedicated to the commission of identity-related tax fraud.

I’ve written more extensively about this issue in my book Swiped: How to Protect Yourself in a World Full of Scammers, Phishers, and Identity Thieves, but there are a few points that bear mention this month. Among the different tax-related identity crimes discussed in Swiped, I examine one of the main reasons this kind of crime is on the rise: data breaches.

Before we go any further in our consideration of the above, it’s important to drive home the one lesson to be learned here (there is only one): Tax fraud is on the rise. Tax refund fraud losses are estimated to reach $21 billion by 2016, according to the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration, which provides independent oversight of the Internal Revenue Service.

The fact that you have not yet been a victim of identity-related tax fraud may not have much to do with your efforts to stay safe. In fact, it might be nothing more or less than dumb luck. We’re looking at a numbers game in the evolution of this particular identity-related crime. With more than a billion records “out there,” it’s entirely possible that the only reason you have not yet been victimized is that the bad guys haven’t gotten around to you yet.

The major data breaches at Anthem and Premera exposed 91 million Social Security numbers. In just those two compromises, hackers gained access to all the personally identifiable information one would need to commit tax identity theft for many years to come. While it might be comforting to say these breaches represent the main threat, it would also be inaccurate. Just because your information was not leaked in the above breaches does not mean you are safe. Not by a long shot.

The Trick That Could Save Your Tax Refund

The number one way to avoid getting “got” by identity-related tax fraudsters is to file early and beat them to the punch. The sooner you get your tax return to the IRS and your state, the better. Until the government creates better safeguards, speed is everything.

What If You’ve Already Been Scammed?

If you have become the victim of tax fraud, my book has a checklist of things you can do to safeguard yourself from subsequent problems. Here are some of them.

1. Report the Crime

File a report with your local police and file a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission at www .identitytheft.gov or by calling the FTC Identity Theft Hotline at 1-877-438-4338.

2. Request a Fraud Alert

Contact one of the three major credit reporting agencies — Equifax, Experian, or TransUnion — and ask that a fraud alert be placed on your credit records.

3. Consider Enrolling in Credit Monitoring Programs

You might wish to purchase a combination credit and fraud monitoring service, which provides instant alerts whenever anyone attempts to open a credit account in your name. This monitoring can be an effective backup to fraud alerts.

4. Close Fraudulent Accounts

Close any credit or financial account that has been tampered with by a thief or opened without your permission.

5. Contact the IRS

Call the number provided on the IRS notice informing you of the fraud. To clear your tax record, complete IRS Form 14039, Identity Theft Affidavit. You can use a fillable form at www.IRS.gov, print it, then mail or fax it.

6. Pay Your Taxes

Be sure to continue to pay your taxes and file your tax returns on time, even if you must do so by mailing in paper forms.

7. Stay Diligent

If you contacted the IRS about taxpayer ID theft and did not receive a resolution, contact the Identity Protection Specialized Unit at 1-800-908-4490 about your case.

8. Stay Alert

You have to assume that if someone has enough of your personal information to file a tax return, they have more than enough information to commit other forms of identity theft. Read every explanation of benefits statement and be sensitive to any communication you may receive from a debt collector. It may not be a mistake.

Vigilance is key to making yourself a harder target for identity thieves. You can pull your credit reports for free each year at AnnualCreditReport.com and see you credit scores for free each month on Credit.com to stay on top of your credit and protect it.

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